“with+”复合结构英语知识知多少?

“with+”复合结构也即“with+复合宾语”,这种结构用法较广,英语课本中就有介绍。该结构一般多用作状语,表示伴随情况、方式、原因、时间、条件等,通常有以下几种类型!

一、with+名词+介词短语,用作状语,表示伴随状态或动作。

English lessons are broadcast every day on the radio with explanations in English or other languages.

英语课,每天都在用英语或其他语言进行广播。

BBC English broadcasts programmes for China with explanations in Chinese.

BBC英语为中国广播的节目就是用中文解说的。

The wood cutter was standing next to a fallen tree,with lots of small pieces of wood in front of him.

伐木工人站在一棵倒下的树旁,在他前面有许多碎木片。

二、with+名词+介词短语,作定语,相当于一个定语从句。

And then I saw a lovely diamond necklace with a big blue stone in the center.

后来我看中了一条美丽的钻石项链,中间嵌着一颗蓝色大宝石。

The southern part of the island is a separate country,called the Republic of Ireland with Dublin as its capital.

该岛南部是一个独立国家,叫爱尔兰共和国,首都是都柏林。

三、with+名词+补语构成的复合结构作状语时,补语除用介词短语外,还可以由下列成分来充当:

1、with+名词+v-ing

The Yangtze River is very busy with so many boats and ships coming and going every day.

每天长江上多种船只来来往往,格外繁忙。

2、with+名词+过去分词

You should go to sleep with the light turned off.

你应该把灯关了再睡觉。

3、with+名词+不定式

With so many books to read,I can’t kill my time by playing cards.

有这么多书要读,我不能用玩牌消磨时间。

4、with+名词+形容词

I like to sleep with all the windows open.

我喜欢开着所有窗子睡觉。