5种办公室不良行为,不知道很吃亏,你有过吗?(双语)

每个职场人应该都清楚,办公室中有一些小行为会影响工作效率,还会在你和同事之间筑起高墙,这些问题本可以避免,早知道一些,总没有坏处。为了避免让这些小事情成为大问题,专家建议避免以下5种行为。

1、Sucking up to the boss?巴结老板

The boss’s pet who ingratiates himself at the expense of his co-workers incites negative judgments, says Meredith Haberfeld, a New York-based executive and career coach.

纽约的高管和职业培训师梅雷迪思?哈伯费尔德说,为博取老板欢心而不惜牺牲同事利益的人会招致不满。

For example, Ms. Haberfeld consulted for a human-resources company where a junior employee pointed out his co-workers’ mistakes after errors had been made.

比方说,哈伯费尔德曾为一家人力资源公司做过咨询,该公司有一名资历较浅的雇员会在同事犯错之后指出他们的错误。

‘He created ill will with his colleagues because he didn’t ever go to them to provide any insights while he saw the ship sinking,’ Ms. Haberfeld says. ‘Nobody wanted to work with him.’

哈伯费尔德说,“他这种做法让他和同事之间产生了矛盾,因为他看到船下沉的时候总是袖手旁观。谁也不想和他一起工作。”

Trying to take work from your colleagues, or take too much credit, are also bad moves.

把同事的工作揽过来自己做,或者把太多功劳归到自己名下也是不好的做法。

‘These people are seen as overly self-interested and therefore untrustworthy and difficult to work with,’ Ms. Haberfeld says. ‘At a certain point, to go further in your career you need to not just be liked by your boss, you need support from your peers and people more junior.’

哈伯费尔德说,“这些人在同事看来是过于自私,因此不值得信赖,也很难共事。从某种意义上来说,要想在事业上有进一步发展,你不仅要赢得老板赏识,也需要获得与你资历相当以及比你资历浅的同事的支持。”

2、Negativity?消极抱怨

The occasional bit of gossip can relieve stress. Too much can make you look bad.

偶尔八卦一下可以缓解压力。但说太多闲话则会给人留下不好的印象。

‘Sometimes it’s fun to talk about the boss, but the person who is always complaining is widely disliked as well,’ Mr. Purdy says. ‘Toxic negativity makes people feel like you are not a good co-worker. People associate negativity with you.’

珀迪说,“有时候八卦一下老板很好玩,但总发牢骚也会引起周围人的厌恶。消极抱怨会让人感觉你不是个好同事。人们会对你持否定态度。”

According to a 2011 Monster.com survey, respondents reported that among their co-workers’ impolite behaviors, gossiping ‘ticked them off,’ along with texting during meetings, being too loud and leaving a mess.

2011年的一项调查显示,受访者认为在同事的不礼貌行为中,说闲话、开会时发短信、说话太大声和留下一堆烂摊子都“令人恼火”。

Employees also are judged when they interrupt colleagues, or ignore or discount others’ ideas, says Peter Post, author and great-grandson of etiquette expert Emily Post.

礼仪专家埃米莉?波斯特的重孙、作家彼得?波斯特说,如果在同事说话时插嘴,忽视或者轻视其他人的看法,也会被同事挑刺。

‘Those are the kinds of things that people remember for a long time. You are really attacking the person and belittling them,’ Mr. Post says. ‘They see you as a bully, and don’t want to interact with you.’

波斯特说,“这些事情别人会惦记很长时间。你这样做真的是在打击和贬低别人,他们会觉得你盛气凌人,不想跟你来往。”

Complaining about ‘inappropriate’ behavior that is, at worst, slightly off is also a problem. ‘It feels really condescending,’ says Art Papas, founder of TheFit.com, a website where workers complete anonymous surveys about companies’ cultures. ‘Just because you’re offended that doesn’t mean you have to broadcast it.’

为顶多算是略显不妥的“失当”行为大发牢骚也是一个问题。职业咨询网站TheFit.com的创始人阿特?帕帕斯说,“这种行为真的给人一种居高临下的感觉,不是说你受到冒犯就应该搞得众人皆知。”职场人士可以在TheFit.com上填写有关公司文化的匿名调查问卷。

3、Messiness?邋遢

Messiness, particularly in communal areas and shared work spaces, can breed negative judgments.

邋遢(尤其是在公共区域和与别人共用的办公区域)可能会引起同事的负面评价。

‘Food that’s left to become some sort of other thing in the refrigerator is really frustrating,’ says Mr. Post.

波斯特说,“把吃的东西放在冰箱里变质真的让人很不爽。”

According to a recent survey from staffing and consulting firm Adecco, a majority of respondents said people are most productive when their work space is clean, though some view messiness as a sign of being busy, and others see it as an indication of laziness.

招聘和咨询公司Adecco近期的一项调查显示,大多数受访者称,在整洁的工作环境中人们的工作效率最高。尽管有些人把杂乱视为工作忙碌的标志,但其他人会认为杂乱意味着懒惰。

4、Poor cubicle etiquette?不注意“隔间礼仪”

In offices with few doors and lots of cubicles, etiquette with regard to odors and noise is important.

在门很少、隔间很多的办公室里,避免异味和噪音是很重要的。

Microwaving last night’s fish dinner for lunch in your cubicle today is a no-no. And your co-workers can sense if you didn’t clean up after bicycling to the office.

千万不要在你的隔间里用微波炉热前一天晚上做的鱼。还有,如果你骑自行车到办公室之后不把自己收拾干净,你的同事们也能觉察得到。

But a loud talker may be the top offender. ‘If you need to concentrate and somebody is yapping, it can affect your work,’ says Margaret Fiester, operations manager for the human-resources knowledge center at the Society for Human Resource Management.

不过头号大忌也许是说话声音太大。美国人力资源管理学会人力资源知识中心的营运经理玛格丽特?菲斯特说,“如果你需要集中注意力,但有人却在叽里呱啦说个不停,这就会影响你的工作。”

5、Not fitting in?与办公室文化格格不入

It’s important to fit into an office culture. That can include how you dress, and what you say.

融入办公室的文化是很重要的。办公室文化中包括你的着装和说话方式。

‘I was in a meeting the other day and somebody dropped the S-bomb. The third time they did it, it became unprofessional,’ Mr. Papas says.

帕帕斯说,“前几天我开会的时候有人骂了句脏话。他们第三次说脏话的时候,就显得很不专业了。”

There’s also a code of conduct for email. ‘Maybe someone is overly brusque, or is always putting urgent or cc’ing everything,’ Mr. Purdy says. ‘Bcc is almost always a dangerous idea.

发电子邮件也是有规矩的。珀迪说,“有的人可能过于生硬唐突,或者总是在电子邮件上标注紧急,或者什么都抄送。而密送在多数情况下都是一种危险的想法。”

‘Transparency is important─it prevents you from seeming sneaky. If you are bcc’ing someone to get someone else in trouble, you are being the office jerk.’

他说,“公开透明很重要──让你不至于显得鬼鬼祟祟的。如果你为了打某位同事的小报告而把邮件密送给某人,你就成了办公室里的混蛋。”